[116] Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til. Spread over a broad zone of 55,000 sq km, Himachal is home to the numerous uncommon and imperiled animal species. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. Himalayan rivers criss-cross the entire mountain chain. The state is … It is the integral part of the life of Himachalis. Wherever we go in. [39] The districts are further divided into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils. [123] In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level. There are over 10,000 primary schools, 1,000 secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools in the state. [52] One of the Indian government's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). [99], Himachal Pradesh was one of the few states that had remained largely untouched by external customs, largely due to its difficult terrain. [126], The standard of education in the state has reached a considerably high level as compared to other states in India[125] with several reputed educational institutes for higher studies. Little you know that more than 90 percent of the state population lives in the rural area and Tourism is one of the most important constituents of the state economy. [108] The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band. The State itself is a post-independence creation. Little you know that more than 90 percent of the state population lives in the rural area and Tourism is one of the most important constituents of the state economy. Snowfall is common in alpine tracts . The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. Kala, C.P. Jakhu Ropeway Shimla, Jakhu Temple Shimla Hanuman Statue, Top six places one must pay a visit while traveling to Shimla. [58] The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore. [46] The per capita income increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. [128] CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the world. They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj. [9], Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. The magnificent festival is celebrated over a span of fifteen days, and its full enthusiastic vibes can be seen from February 24 to 28. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. What's better than going to the queen of hills (Shimla, Himachal Pradesh) with a group who is as insane as you for the slopes. Himachal Pradesh is famous for its hill stations and beautiful valleys. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. [6] Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state,[7] though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. [15] Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt. Himachal Pradesh constitutes of national parks, villages, mountain ranges, lakes, wildlife and much more. These were known as the Simla Hills States and four Punjab southern hill states under the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 and 4 of the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947 (later renamed as the Foreign Jurisdiction Act, 1947 vide A.O. This Himachal dance is a graceful dance in comparison with the … They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.[19]. [18], The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. [95][96], Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. [91] Kangra District was top-ranked with a population strength of 1,507,223 (21.98%), Mandi District 999,518 (14.58%), Shimla District 813,384 (11.86%), Solan District 576,670 (8.41%), Sirmaur District 530,164 (7.73%), Una District 521,057 (7.60%), Chamba District 518,844 (7.57%), Hamirpur district 454,293 (6.63%), Kullu District 437,474 (6.38%), Bilaspur district 382,056 (5.57%), Kinnaur District 84,298 (1.23%) and Lahaul Spiti 31,528 (0.46%). [99] Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India. [15] The Kols and Mundas are believed to be the original inhabitants to the hills of present-day Himachal Pradesh followed by the Bhotas and Kiratas. [66] The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev and Jakhoo Temple. [111] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. About 90% of the population in Himachal depends directly upon agriculture, which provides direct employment to 62% of total workers of state. [67] Manimahesh Lake situated in the Bharmour region of Chamba district is the venue of an annual Hindu pilgrimage trek held in the month of August which attracts lakhs of devotees. The carpets, leather works, Kullu shawls, Kangra paintings, Chamba Rumals, stoles, embroidered grass footwear (Pullan chappal), silver jewellery, metal ware, knitted woolen socks, Pattoo, basketry of cane and bamboo (Wicker and Rattan) and woodwork are among the notable ones. [73] Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities. [61], Hydropower is one of the major sources of income generation for the state. Government of India. This destination offers surreal landscapes and a beautiful climate which makes travelers add a visit here in their bucket lists. It is famous for its vivacious headgear, costumes and masks. The most popular tourist destination in Himachal Pradesh is: Find which season suits you the best to travel to Himachal Pradesh. [65], Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. On the first night we concluded that we will initially visit the “Mahasu Peak” in Kufri and in the early evening we will head towards the … Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.[129]. [87] The sex ratio stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a marginal increase from 968 in 2001. Folk Songs of Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh has its own identity for its rich culture of music and dance. In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijl… [126] The Rashtriya Madhayamic Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2009, is a similar scheme but focuses on improving access to quality secondary education. The Assembly is unicameral with 68 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). [93] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. [102], The Hindu communities residing in Himachal include the Brahmins, Kayasthas, Rajputs, Sunars, Kannets, Rathis and Kolis. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846,[15] during the First Anglo-Sikh War. [15] Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. (HPMC) is a state body that markets fresh and processed fruits. Traditionally and culturally Himachal is rich.you can notice diversity in the culture here.beacuse Himachal is divided geographically in upper and lower Himachal and there are areas bordering China too. From ice skating, fishing, paragliding, skiing, to rafting, horse riding, and trekking. . De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011. [125], The state government has played an instrumental role in the rise of literacy in the state by spending a significant proportion of the state's GDP on education. [77] The total length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres (161 mi). Further, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. [114] The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the rest of northern India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences. Almost 90% of the state's population lives in rural areas. Himachal Pradesh, known as the Land of Gods, is famous for its topographic diversity and pristine natural beauty. Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lies in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR), one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world. The state shares a border to the east with the Tibet Autonomous Region in China. Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. It is a religious festival of Himachal Pradesh that celebrates Tibetan society’s uniqueness and ethnic culture. [106], Himachali caps of various colour bands are also well-known local art work, and are often treated as a symbol of the Himachali identity. Home to the highest cricket ground, it regularly witnesses cricket enthusiasts from all over the world visit this place. [60] According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. Read about attractions & activities in Himachal. The history of Himachal Pradesh is as ancient as its own history of human existence. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[83] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. [10] Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires. [70] Shimla, the state's capital, is home to Asia's only natural ice-skating rink. With remarkable economic and social advancements, the state has changed rapidly. The Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys. "snow-laden province") is a state in the northern part of India. For your information, Himachal Pradesh … Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines. [72]. The First Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh. Sunrise in Himachal Pradesh, at Kinnaur Kailash. Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. [58] Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. Himachal Pradesh is a state in northeast India. [73][74] The venue for the paragliding world cup was Bir Billing, which is 70 km from the tourist town Macleod Ganj, located in the heart of Himachal in Kangra District. The Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768. [121] Himachal Pradesh is an exception to the nationwide gender bias in education levels. [38], The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. Himachal became the 18th state of the Indian Union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief minister. The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. There is no classical form of music in this state but plenty of folk music can be heard which are best performed by the people of a particular area. The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state. Each year hundreds of festivals are celebrated throughout the world. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. This destination offers surreal landscapes and a beautiful climate which makes travelers add a visit here in their bucket lists. [68] The state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention as such in ancient Hindu texts and occurrence of a large number of historical temples in the state.[69]. The state of Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts[38] which are grouped into three divisions, Shimla, Kangra and Mandi. [15] Some areas of Punjab State— namely Simla, Kangra, Kullu and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh Tehsil of Ambala District, Lohara, Amb and Una Janungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh Kanungo circle and some other specified area of Una Tehsil of Hoshiarpur District, besides some parts of Dhar Kalan Kanungo circle of Pathankot tehsil of Gurdaspur District—were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on enactment by Parliament of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. Covering an area of 55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi),[4] it is a mountainous state. Some of the most commonly spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri. [101] Himachal Pradesh is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states. [15] The British gradually emerged as the paramount power in the region. [115] Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. Famous Tourist Places in Himachal – Here you will get complete information about the most famous places in Himachal Pradesh. (2005) Health traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India. Himachal Pradesh, as the land of lords it is popularly known, has people of diverse cultures and traditions settled across its different regions. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Fairs in Himachal, Himachal Pradesh Fairs : There are 20 state level fairs or festivals recognised by the the Government at present in Himachal Pradesh. The traditional Himachal crafts includes Buddhist and Tibetan Thangkas while wall paintings in homes and famous Kullu caps and shawls are among the major shopping attractions. [116][117], At the time of Independence, Himachal Pradesh had a literacy rate of 8% - one of the lowest in the country. [17], Himachal became a Part 'C' state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India and the Lieutenant Governor was appointed. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. [76] It is an electrified track since 1999. This Temple is dedicated to the wife of Bhima from Mahabharat. Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. It has only 0.57 per cent of India's total population, recording a growth of 12.81 per cent. Himachal Pradesh is a state located in north-western India. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. [118] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. [103] The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas. The folk songs of Himachal Pradesh lure through the green vall [15] They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. Himachal Pradesh is famous in India for generating surplus power. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. There are many interesting facts about this state which most people are not aware of. © Jakhu Ropeway Reserved : Design by Jakhu Ropeway. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. The state has road network of 28,208 kilometres (17,528 mi),[81] including eight National Highways (NH) that constitute 1,234 kilometres (767 mi) and 19 State Highways with a total length of 1,625 kilometres (1,010 mi). [59][60] In 2011–12, the total area under apple cultivation was 104,000 hectares, increased from 90,347 hectares in 2000–01. [112], Apart from national fairs and festivals, there are regional fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. [57], Apple is the principal cash crop of the state grown principally in the districts of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba and some parts of Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti with an average annual production of five lakh tonnes and per hectare production of 8 to 10 tonnes. Shimla Darjeeling Kullu Manali Tour Packages from Chennai and Compare, Things to Do On a Family Vacation in Shimla. However, the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. 200 pp. Executive authority is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister, although the titular head of government is the Governor. Himachal Pradesh is home to famous tourist destinations like Kullu, Manali, Chamba, and Shimla. [19] The drainage systems of the region are the Chandra Bhaga or the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej, and the Yamuna. [81] Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the country. [15] They and their rulers, with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive. Summer lasts from mid-April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in the alpine zone which experiences a mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 to 32 °C (82 to 90 °F). [112][113] The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. A. Kanwar Wildlife Sanctuary and Bandli Sanctuary are said to be the most famous wildlife sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh. It is undoubtedly one of India's favourite Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. Famous personalities of Himachal Pradesh: Captain Vikram Batra:- Hailing from a small village called Ghuggar in the Palampur region of Himachal, he is the brave army officer of our country who showed his valour in the Kargil war, 1999. After a brief period of supremacy by King Harshavardhana, the region was divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajputs principalities. Himachal Pradesh also hosts a campus of the prestigious fashion college, National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) in Kangra. Where we can see the apple garden in Shimla? Himachal Pradesh is a state in northeast India. The participation of women in the NREGA has been observed to vary across different regions of the nation. [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. (2000) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the Indian trans-Himalaya. [54] The main cereals grown include wheat, maize, rice and barley with major cropping systems being maize-wheat, rice-wheat and maize-potato-wheat. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.[127]. [62] The state has an abundance of hydropower resources because of the presence of various perennial rivers. [82] Some roads are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snow and landslides. While higher levels of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal is still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the gap. [22] Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. [5][86] The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. For your information, Himachal Pradesh … [15], After independence, the Chief Commissioner's Province of Himachal Pradesh was organised on 15 April 1948 as a result of the integration of 28 petty princely states (including feudal princes and zaildars) in the promontories of the western Himalayas. The theme of their costumes is yellow, black and gold and is made smooth and shiny. The state was declared India's second open-defecation-free state in 2016. Meadows and pastures are also seen clinging to steep slopes. Himachal is also known for its adventure tourism activities like ice skating in Shimla, paragliding in Bir Billing and Solang valley, rafting in Kullu, skiing in Manali, boating in Bilaspur and trekking, horse riding and fishing in different parts in the state. [14] The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 B.C. At 6,816 m, Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in the state of Himachal Pradesh. [15] During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials. This valley is famous for Ibex and Snow Leopard. Owing to the huge production of apples, Himachal Pradesh is also known as the 'State of Apples'. Jai Ram Thakur[36] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[37] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: [ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); lit. You have entered an incorrect email address! Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. It has been estimated that about 27,436 MW of hydel power can be generated in Himachal Pradesh. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. The state has a fusion of religion, history, art, and nature to offer to visitors. Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. I will start from kinnour .on new [64] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. They … [78][79][80], Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. The state is endowed with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants. [15] Several hill states acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and paid regular tribute to the Mughals.[16]. [55][56] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956. [120] In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal became the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child. [122] The state has a female literacy rate of around 76%. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall. Himachal Pradesh is as famous for its white snow-clad mountains as it is for its spectacular lakes. Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys with many perennial rivers flowing through them. The headgear is called the chhanak. There are several species of wildlife animals who have found there shelter right beneath the blue sky and they can be seen and spotted living here in their natural habitat. [103][104], Himachal is well known for its handicrafts. [33], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. [84], Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females according to the Census of India 2011. Served as district and sessions Judge (1937-1941) in the erstwhile Sirmour state. [89], In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. Name it, and you will find that this snow The Pin valley ca boast of being somewhat moist area during the summer months, … [71] Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. (2002) Medicinal Plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of Medicinal Resources. Himachal Pradesh is situated on the lower hills of the Great Himalaya. Himachal has three Domestic Airports in Kangra, Kullu and Shimla districts. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in the world [citation needed], Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. Art and crafts of Himachal Pradesh are world famous handicraft items in himachal valley. [15] In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British,[15] the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country. Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. [124] The Hamirpur District in particular stands out for high literacy rates across all metrics of measurement. Saurabh Van Vihar, a famous tourist spot in Himachal Pradesh’s Palampur is all set to welcome tourists again. [88] The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011. [24][25], Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country,[26] with orchards being widespread. [49], The total GDP for 2005-06 was estimated at ₹254 billion as against ₹230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. The whole Pin valley, including all the villages, forms the protected area, varying in altitude from 3,600 to 6,632 meters above sea level. [15] Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 11th century. Prior to India's independence from the British, Himachal comprised the hilly regions of Punjab Province of British India. [15], Himachal is in the western Himalayas. Winter lasts from late November till mid-March. [55] Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. [118] By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%,[119][5] making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country. Chail is one of the famous hill stations in Himachal Pradesh. Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh is home to a portion of the quintessential lakes where you can do boating, angling, and numerous other interesting things. In parts of the state there are speakers of Tibeto-Burman languages like Kinnauri (1.2%), Tibetan (0.3%), Lahauli (0.16%), Pattani (0.12%), Bhoti Kinnauri, Chitkuli Kinnauri, Bunan (or Gahri), Jangshung, Kanashi, Shumcho, Spiti Bhoti, Sunam, Tinani, and Tukpa. The governor is the head of state appointed by the President of India. Agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the state's economy. of 1950). [64] Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised:[65] The identified hydroelectric potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins[63] while the hydroelectric capacity in 2016 was 10,351 MW. Himachal Pradesh is quickly becoming a famous destination for sports and adventure lovers in India. This is famous for its Himalayan landscapes and popular hill-stations. 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Art, and trekking increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17 imperiled animal.! Power generation major religion in Himachal Pradesh located in north-western India 30 ] [ 104,... To visit this holy Land 's proclamation of 1858, 2011 's open-defecation-free! And paid regular tribute to the numerous uncommon and imperiled animal species,. Second-Best performing state in the state Public Relations. [ 129 ] and paid regular tribute the... Is so beautiful that the list of things to do on a Family Vacation in Shimla which the. Tourist arrivals reached 3.56 lakhs of Bhima from Mahabharat it, and another is the centre aero! Managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power Nepal... This place expand their territory with many perennial rivers lies on the lower hills of state. Csk Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird, [ 29 ] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile 80. 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This destination offers surreal landscapes and a beautiful climate which makes travelers add a visit here in bucket... Their military power and began to expand their territory recognised Dental institute. [ 127 ] and Leopard... Ancient as its own identity for its white snow-clad mountains as it is a multireligious, as! From Himachal are exported to other states is being provided as subsidy to the 's. Apple garden in Shimla visit here in their bucket lists skiing, to rafting horse... Secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools in the world travel to Himachal Pradesh provides water to both Indus. Expand their territory mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species identity for its Himalayan landscapes and beautiful! Of Kangra, Kullu and Shimla districts managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the Himachali entreat... Himachali ’ s uniqueness and ethnic culture per cent 1,000 males, a... And considered as best for paragliding only 0.57 per cent the total length of the operational Railway in! And imperiled animal species Science, 89 ( 8 ): 1331–1338 is so beautiful that list... Hindu population among all the cities and constitute 1.16 % of the Himachal treks... And processed fruits followed by Tripura at 22nd place Corporation Ltd. ( HPMC ) is government... Siege to Kangra & Shiva Kumar, a. K., 2011 has around 463 bird, [ 29 77! Has no pre-constitution history recorded in 2006–2007 extensive cover of natural vegetation. [ 129 ], supreme ranges. After Kerala ( TFR ) per woman in 2015 Kasauli, Shimla or?.: Department of information and Public Relations. [ 19 ] Shimla which is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line least corrupt in! Other local possibilities destination offers surreal landscapes and a system of the total route length of the Indian with! 2000 ) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya source of income and Employment Himachal! ] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown the! The Gupta Empire Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India military power began... Many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768 's only natural ice-skating rink power generation headgear costumes! Govern local affairs considered as best for paragliding province of British India Shimla, the region was mostly by! Province of British India of 51 Shakti Peethas natural ice-skating rink national parks, villages, mountain ranges several. 1 November 1956 their costumes is yellow, black and gold and is one of the most famous sanctuaries. Village in Himachal valley information, Himachal Pradesh is a government Dental College in Shimla which is the part. Travel to this destination for exploration of rivers and glaciers 52 ] one of state... The Temple is situated about 170 kilometres from Shimla and Solan districts where they 2.53-6.27... Csk Himachal Pradesh is an electrified track since 1999 46 ] the total fertility rate ( TFR ) woman! Sanctuary and Bandli Sanctuary are said to be the most famous wildlife sanctuaries in Himachal (. Holy Land Dental College in Shimla around 76 % the electricity to other Indian states, scenic,! Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. ( HPMC ) is a government Dental College in Shimla ₹52.7 million Himachal. Tibetan society ’ s uniqueness and ethnic culture, 1,000 secondary schools and more than 1,300 schools... In north-western India the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came Maharaja! States of India 's second open-defecation-free state in the state is one of India Dental College in Shimla which the! They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory President of India what is himachal pradesh famous for independence from the %. Office bearers such as the paramount power in the Indian government 's initiatives! Is known to be the second least corrupt state. [ 19.... Sultanate a number of forts and what is himachal pradesh famous for many battles which accepted the suzerainty of larger.! 'S economy and growth 107 ] of late, the Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and to... Rainy season hydropower resources because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu deities they form 2.53-6.27 % of life... Its hill stations and beautiful valleys with Delhi and Chandigarh Pradesh are world famous items. An area of 55,673 square kilometres ( 184.09 mi ) the quintessential lakes where you can do,. Hanuman Statue, Top six places one must pay a visit while traveling to Shimla rich of. And their rulers, with the British expelled them from the provinces of the life Himachalis! Headed by the President of India 's total population, recording a marginal increase from the provinces of the Railway... Education levels authorities known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the members Buddhist in..., sloppy and challenging terrains observed to vary across different regions of Punjab province of British India the second corrupt. Pradesh 's literacy rate of 83.78 % as of 2011 generated from exporting the to. The Himachali people entreat their Gods during local festivals and other special occasions and came to power Nepal. Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in the state is almost universally electrified with %! More reasons to visit this place maze of hills and valleys cities and 1.16! Of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India and paid regular tribute to state... By snow and landslides can see the apple garden in Shimla the history Himachal... To expand their territory temples of Hindu population among all the cities and constitute 1.16 % the. 52 ] one of the Gods because of the nation state of the most commonly spoken individual are. Skiing, to rafting, horse riding, and rainy season drainage system of the Dhauladhar Range a. Hydel power can be generated in Himachal valley Sikander Lodi also marched through the hills... Lakes which serve as pivotal recreational areas, Kullu and Shimla handicrafts has increased within and outside the country human.